New to Linux? Here’s some information that might be useful.
Linux is different from Windows in how software is installed. In Windows, starting with a CD, DVD, or an executable file, you run an executable file and install the software, usually via a GUI with prompts.
However, in Linux, there are at least 3 or 4 different ways to install software:
yum (related to rpm)
Unzip a file into a directory
Run an executable file or script
With an rpm, you have a package rpm file, and run the rpm command to install it onto the Linux operating system.
rpm -ivf opera-12.12-1707.x86_64.rpm
warning: opera-12.12-1707.x86_64.rpm: Header V4 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 30c18a2b: NOKEY
Preparing packages for installation…
See another post involving rpm:
– part of this install used rpm
yum is related to rpm. yum installs a package, via the internet. After connecting to the appropriate server on the web, yum downloads and installs packages onto the Linux operating system.
yum info gdm-plugin-smartcard
yum install gdm-plugin-smartcard
See another post involving yum:
– another part of the same install used yum.
yum can also be configured to do automatic updates to packages, similar to Windows Update.
A lot of software on Linux is simply extracted from a zip file, into a directory. The executable files are usually in a ../bin directory. And, on Linux, usually requires that java is installed, and the environment variables, PATH, JAVA_PATH, JAVA_HOME are configured correctly.
-rw-r–r–. 1 oracle dba 41024381 Jun 22 00:39 gephi-0.8.2-beta.tar.gz
gunzip gephi-0.8.2-beta.tar.gz -l
-rw-r–r–. 1 oracle dba 74039296 Jun 22 00:39 gephi-0.8.2-beta.tar
tar -xvf gephi-0.8.2-beta.tar
See the complete instructions for Gephi here:
Installing Gephi On 64 bit Machines
Executable Files Or Scripts:
Only a fraction of the software that I’ve installed on Linux involved an executable file, similar to Windows. Sometimes, the installer is a GUI, with window prompts, and places to fill in parameters or other information.
NVIDIA drivers on Redhat
Oracle and Oracle Applications
See some of my other posts involving executable files:
Oracle Apps R12 Install on Redhat 64 – The Big Picture
– runs the Oracle Universal Installer
Installing NVidia Drivers on Redhat 6.4 and Removing Nouveau
– runs Linux scripts
What bothers me is my usual complaint: documentation is incorrect, or non-existent. Leaving you to “figure it out yourself”. And it doesn’t seem to matter which method is used.
Hey guys, document your software. Especially the installs. It’s just cut and paste, (or screen shots). Not difficult at all!